Showing posts with label police reform. Show all posts
Showing posts with label police reform. Show all posts

Thursday, June 30, 2022

CommonWealth Magazine: "Judge tosses 2 police questions as out of bounds"

"JUST DAYS before the deadline for thousands of law enforcement officers to be recertified, a judge has ruled that two of the eight questions that the Massachusetts Peace Officer Standards and Training Commission asks as part of the process are out of bounds and any responses to those specific questions the commission already received should be ignored.

Superior Court Judge Jackie Cowin ruled Monday that the plaintiffs in a lawsuit filed against the POST Commission this spring by the Massachusetts Coalition of Police, Boston Police Superior Officers Federation, and Boston Police Detectives Benevolent Society were likely to succeed on the merits of their arguments, which contended that a POST Commission recertification question dealing with social media postings is too broad and too vague and that a question inquiring about membership in any groups that unlawfully discriminate is unconstitutional as written."

Continue reading the CommonWealth Magazine article online ->

"Judge tosses 2 police questions as out of bounds"
 "Judge tosses 2 police questions as out of bounds"

Thursday, September 23, 2021

MA Public Health reminds us to practice self-care and support your mental health; Boston announces pilot program

"It's more important than ever to practice self-care and support your mental health. Relax, stay socially connected at a safe distance, and take a deep breath. 
If you're in a crisis, call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255. #StopSuicide"

Shared from Twitter:

Mass. Public Health reminds us to practice self-care and support your mental health
Mass. Public Health reminds us to practice self-care and support your mental health

Franklin participates in a grant program with Medway to implement this support for 911 calls and now Boston is starting a pilot program.
"Amid a nationwide push to rethink policing strategies and reduce the use of force when possible, a new Boston program seeks to scale back police involvement in 911 mental-health calls.

Last month, Acting Mayor Kim Janey announced a pilot program encouraging greater use of mental-health workers, EMTs and trained community members during 911 mental health calls. In a city that received 10,000 such calls last year, officials are seeking to de-escalate fragile mental-health interactions while easing the strain on police resources.

“This mental-health response will help us evaluate how to deliver the best possible response for our residents when they are in crisis,” Janey said during an Aug. 5 press conference. “These investments will help connect residents and their families with the care they need. They will also help us send officers to where they are needed most.”

Franklin Police in its Annual Report section for 2020 touted the program

Monday, August 9, 2021 More Perfect Union - 022 - Chauvin Trial

"In this episode, Frank and the group discuss the results of the recent Derek Chauvin Trial, the work that still needs to be done on, and the future following these results."

 Direct link -> More Perfect Union - 022 - Chauvin Trial More Perfect Union - 022 - Chauvin Trial     

Monday, May 24, 2021

Franklin Police receive Certification from the Massachusetts Police Accreditation Commission

Franklin Police receive Certification from the Massachusetts Police Accreditation Commission

May 21, 2021

Chief Thomas Lynch is pleased to announce that the Franklin Police Department (FPD) has been awarded Certification status by the Massachusetts Police  Accreditation Commission.  Accreditation is a self-initiated process by which police agencies voluntarily strive to meet and maintain standards that have been established for the profession, by the profession.  The Franklin Police examined various aspects of the department's policies, procedures, operations, facilities, equipment, and training. 

This effort was led by Deputy Chief James Mill, who has spent the last several years going through what is known as the "self-assessment" phase, whereby we looked at the policies and procedures FPD had in place and determined if they met industry accepted professional standards. Any deficiencies that were located, or policies that were deficient were identified and corrected to reflect the best professional practices recognized through MPAC. This effort could not have been achieved without the cooperation and assistance of the men and women of the Franklin Police Department. 

The culmination of the Certification process is an independent review of our work by assessors from MPAC to ensure that we are complying with all the policies and procedures required for Certification.  In March of 2021, a team of assessors from MPAC reviewed all aspects of the Franklin Police department's policies, procedures, management, operations, and support services and determined that we met each of the 159 mandatory Certification standards required by the Commission.

"The men and women of the Franklin Police Department are a team of dedicated professionals who have worked hard to make this award possible. We will continue with our mission of providing the highest level of service to the citizens of the town of Franklin." said Chief Thomas Lynch.  "During a time where police reform is prominent in the news the residents and businesses in the Town of Franklin can be assured that its police department is following the best standards and continues to deliver professional services to our entire community." Lynch continued.

Shared from

For more about the Accreditation program (Certification is the first level)

Franklin Police receive Certification from the Massachusetts Police Accreditation Commission
Franklin Police receive Certification from the Massachusetts Police Accreditation Commission

Thursday, May 6, 2021

Opinion | Why reforming qualified immunity will never resolve police violence - The Washington Post

"As lawmakers in Congress negotiate their long-awaited police reform bill, Democrats are sticking firm to their conviction that the legislation must include some type of reform of qualified immunity — the legal protections that make suing individual police officers for misconduct nearly impossible. For many on the left, that raises an important question: To what extent should they be willing to compromise on reforming the law?

It’s the wrong question to ask. As a 40-year veteran of law enforcement, from sheriff’s deputy to chief and director of public safety, I firmly believe that nothing federal, state or local governments do about qualified immunity will significantly reduce or increase the incidence of unjustified deadly force by police. Real reform requires us to go much deeper than tweaking tort rules."


"A far better strategy would be to eliminate the risk of ending up in court. Just imagine what local and state governments could accomplish if they were to invest the money they spend on misconduct lawsuits on making policing more humane and more effective. They could better train officers in de-escalation tactics to reduce the likelihood of lethal violence. And they could train officers to use effective alternatives to lethal force and to deal with mentally disturbed people safely. Doing so would improve the public perception that the police have earned their authority from the community and that they use it to serve and protect, not to punish. Officers and agencies need to learn and embrace procedural justice — the idea that the processes by which police officers resolve disputes and police agencies allocate resources are fundamentally fair."

Continue reading the article online (subscription may be required)

Tuesday, March 23, 2021

Community Conversation on Police Reform - Mar 24, 2021 - 7:00 PM

Franklin Area Against Racism (FAAR) is hosting a Community Conversation on Police Reform.

When: Wednesday, March 24, 2021 - 7:00 PM

  • Senator Becca Rausch
  • Representative Jeff Roy 
  • Franklin Police Dept. Chief Thomas J. Lynch
  • Franklin Police Dept. Deputy Chief James Mill
  • and other community leaders

More details, including the Zoom link, in the image below.

In preparation for the Community Conversation Wednesday on Police Reform, here is the collection of articles on the legislation as it passed both Senate and House in December, got returned by Gov Baker, was revised and sent back to Gov Baker who signed the legislation on Dec 31, 2020. (Note: The Boston Globe links may require a subscription. The other links will not.)

MA Legislature press release

Boston Globe

Boston Globe

Gov Baker rejects, sends back

CommonWealth on Senate compromise

Senate press release on passage

Globe/CommonWealth report on House passage

MA Legislation link

Gov Baker press release

Globe on 12/31/20 after Gov Baker signs

Globe on roadmap future

Globe on what’s in/out
Community Conversation on Police Reform - March 24, 2021
Community Conversation on Police Reform - March 24, 2021

Thursday, March 18, 2021

"We should think about public safety the way we think about public health"

"Reimagine safety
A project of the Editorial Board, in conversation with outside voices."

"But the fiercest and potentially most consequential debate is over mounting a more fundamental response to these tragically familiar incidents. The discussion has been dominated by disagreements over the meaning and merit of “defunding the police.” Some interpretations of the provocative slogan are concerning, but as we wrote over the summer, the mantra is helpful as shorthand for an essential truth: We need to reimagine public safety.

Today, community activists and law enforcement officers who see eye to eye on precious little agree on this: We rely too much on the police. From the proverbial cat stuck in a tree to an armed hostage crisis, police are the first port of call for a dizzying array of dilemmas. In the words of a former Dallas police chief, “Every societal failure, we put it off on the cops to solve. Not enough mental health funding, let the cops handle it. … Here in Dallas we got a loose dog problem; let’s have the cops chase loose dogs. Schools fail, let’s give it to the cops. … That’s too much to ask. Policing was never meant to solve all those problems.”
Continue reading the article online (subscription may be required)

A good pre-read before participating in the Community Conversation scheduled for March 24 on Police Reform
For info on the Community Conversations: Police Reform visit:
"We should think about public safety the way we think about public health"
"We should think about public safety the way we think about public health"

Wednesday, March 17, 2021

Community Conversation on Police Reform - March 24, 2021

Franklin Area Against Racism (FAAR) is hosting a Community Conversation on Police Reform.

When: Wednesday, March 24, 2021 - 7:00 PM

  • Senator Becca Rausch
  • Representative Jeff Roy 
  • Franklin Police Dept. Chief Thomas J. Lynch
  • Franklin Police Dept. Deputy Chief James Mill
  • and other community leaders

More details, including the Zoom link, in the image below.

Community Conversation - Agenda:


 Introductions by FAAR and moderators



-         Up to 10 minutes: What is in “An Act Relative to Justice, Equity and Accountability in Law Enforcement in the Commonwealth”, and what change does it make? Why was this bill necessary/what were you hearing from your constituents?

-         Legislators (Sen Rausch, Rep Roy)


-         Up to 10 minutes: What has your department done to date?

How will this bill impact Franklin?

-         Chief Lynch, Deputy Chief Mill


-         Tentative: Taking inventory, where are we now? What are possible next steps?

-         Community Advocate


 Moderated Discussion (all participants)


 Community Q&A




Community Conversation on Police Reform - March 24, 2021
Community Conversation on Police Reform - March 24, 2021

Friday, January 1, 2021

Governor Baker Signs Police Reform Legislation

Tweet from Charlie Baker (@MassGovernor)

Today I was honored to sign comprehensive, bipartisan police reform that creates a certification process for officers, increases accountability and transparency in law enforcement, and gives police departments a greater ability to hire or promote only qualified applicants.

Governor Baker Signs Police Reform Legislation
Governor Baker Signs Police Reform Legislation

Wednesday, December 23, 2020

Police reform and abortion measures return to Gov Baker

The Boston Globe has the following:

"The Massachusetts House on Tuesday approved a revised version of a sweeping policing bill, making it all but certain the state will soon enact legislation that emerged after protests over police misconduct and the death of George Floyd gripped Massachusetts and beyond.

The legislation would create for the first time a system for certifying police officers in Massachusetts and give a new civilian-led panel the ability to revoke their licenses for a range of misconduct.

A raft of revisions sought by Governor Charlie Baker, and ultimately accepted by lawmakers in both the House and Senate, included loosening proposed limits on the use of facial recognition and eliminating language that underpinned new standards on officers’ use of force. Baker also successfully pushed to keep oversight of training under his administration and police-dominated committee."

From CommonWealth Magazine:

THE LEGISLATURE sent bills dealing with police reform and abortion back to Gov. Charlie Baker on Tuesday and began work on compromise health care legislation that requires insurers to permanently reimburse for behavioral telehealth at the rates they’d pay for the same care in-person.

The House joined the Senate in passing police reform legislation that includes amendments sought by Baker on police training and the use of facial recognition software. Baker, who had threatened a veto if the Legislature declined to compromise on those two issues, has indicated he will sign the bill containing the modified language into law.

On abortion, however, both branches rejected amendments sought by the governor and sent the bill back to him as originally drafted. Baker can sign the abortion measure into law, allow it to become law without his signature, or veto the bill and challenge the Legislature to override him. An override would require a two-thirds vote, which was the margin on earlier abortion votes in the House but just barely.
Continue reading the article online


Tuesday, December 22, 2020

Senate Advances Police Reform Legislation

  Senate Advances Police Reform Legislation

The Massachusetts State Senate today (12/21/20) made changes to an amendment to An Act relative to justice, equity and accountability in law enforcement in the Commonwealth, sent by Governor Baker, thereby allowing the original bill to advance to the House of Representatives for further consideration. In doing so, the Senate responded to the Governor's concerns and potential veto of the legislation while maintaining the integrity of the original bill, one of the most comprehensive legislative responses in the nation to incidents involving police brutality. 

Governor Baker threatened to veto a bill that included the original language that would have placed drastic limitations on law enforcement's use of facial recognition technology, mandated transparency on its use and created a commission to inform future regulations. In an effort to preserve the totality of the bill, including the first-in-the-nation civilian-led Massachusetts' Peace Officer Standards and Training (POST) Commission, the Senate adopted changes to the amendment that limits law enforcement's use of facial recognition to appropriate circumstances while maintaining the original bill's requirements on transparency in data collection and the creation of a new commission on facial surveillance. 

The Governor's amendment would give the Municipal Police Training Committee (MPTC) control over promulgating regulations of use-of-force standards. Leaders in communities of color made it clear that it is critical for the civilian-led POST commission to have a say in the development of use of force regulations, so the Senate adopted a change that will give the POST commission and MPTC joint responsibility in approving, promulgating and implementing use of force regulations.

"It is my top priority to ensure that meaningful police reform and racial justice legislation get signed into law this session," stated Senate President Karen E. Spilka (D-Ashland). "The bill that we are advancing today is not a magic bullet to reverse the pain and injustice endured by communities of color and those disproportionately affected by law enforcement in Massachusetts—no one is claiming that it is, nor is it even possible for one bill to do that. But when given the choice of making necessary compromises or letting this bill be vetoed, it was unconscionable to me to not do what was necessary to lay this important foundation of accountability and transparency. I am very proud of the efforts of Senator Brownsberger and Senator Chang-Díaz to get us to this point today, but our fight for justice and equity is not over. I remain committed to listening to communities of color and doing the hard work of advancing legislation that brings us closer to our goal."

"At this point, we are in the homestretch," said Senator Will Brownsberger (D-Belmont), Senate Chair of the Joint Committee on the Judiciary. "I am very hopeful that we will cross the finish line, because I see that all of the key leaders — the Senate President, the Speaker and the Governor feel strongly that this historic bill needs to get done."

"Communities of color pushed through heartbreak, rage, and exhaustion to get meaningful law enforcement reform this far—and made more sacrifices and compromises than they should have been asked for," said MBLLC Member Senator Sonia Chang-Díaz (D-Boston). "There's a lot that remains undone, work that this bill will not finish. And yet this bill is a testament to the fact that, in the face of so many righteous voices calling for justice, the political system does bend to effort. 'Power concedes nothing without a demand,' and over the past several months, gutsy, sustained organizing has wrought landscape-changing reform to reduce police misconduct and strengthen accountability. It's because of advocates, organizers, and community members that this legislation stands so close to becoming law, and it's because of their ongoing efforts that next session we will continue on this path towards necessary, long-overdue justice."

Other changes are administrative or clarifying in nature. The amended language now goes to the House of Representatives for further action.

CommonWealth Magazine also reports on the Senate passage

Friday, December 18, 2020

CommonWealth Magazine: "Ruling permits citizen recordings of police"

"While Beacon Hill legislators haven’t moved yet to address Gov. Charlie Baker’s amendments to policing reform legislation, other efforts to improve law enforcement accountability are moving forward locally and in the courts this week.

Earlier this week, the First Circuit Court of Appeals said people can’t be prosecuted under the state’s 1968 wiretapping statute for secretly recording police in a ruling that upheld part of a lower court order that countermanded a statewide ban on such recordings.

The court heard arguments back in January about whether private citizens can audio and video record police in public spaces."

Friday, December 11, 2020

"Baker sends police bill back to Legislature, asking for changes"

 The Boston Globe has the following:
"Governor Charlie Baker sent back a sweeping police accountability bill to lawmakers Thursday, threatening to not sign it if they don’t address a series of changes he’s seeking, including keeping oversight of how officers are trained within his administration.

Baker’s decision to neither sign nor veto the bill, but return it to the Legislature with a variety of proposed amendments, clouds its future. The specter of a gubernatorial veto should lawmakers not agree with his changes immediately put pressure on the Legislature, where the 129-page proposal had divided Democrats and, in a rarity, emerged from the House without a veto-proof majority.

“There’s a lot in here that I’m concerned about, OK? But I want to sign a bill,” Baker said in a Globe interview Thursday. “We desperately need an accountability system in Massachusetts. Too many times, especially in communities of color, people are treated badly by law enforcement and there is simply, too often, little or no consequences for any of the people who are involved.

“That said,” he added, “there are parts of this bill that were never around the conversation” of holding police accountable."
Continue reading the article online (subscription may be required)

And CommonWealth Magazine reports on this with:
"GOV. CHARLIE BAKER plans to return to the Legislature landmark legislation that would impose new accountability standards on police, proposing a handful of amendments Thursday that he hopes Democrats will compromise with him over, but making clear he’s not afraid to veto the legislation if lawmakers resist those changes.

Baker, a Republican, has faced mounting pressure from both sides of the policing debate since the Legislature finalized its oversight bill over a week ago. Criminal justice reform advocates have urged him to sign it, while police unions have called it an attack on the men and women who wear a badge.

In an interview with the News Service, the governor said he was willing to make concessions, including accepting a civilian-controlled licensing board and limits on qualified immunity for police officers, but drew a line on several key issues."
Continue reading the article online

Wednesday, December 2, 2020

Legislature Passes Policing Reform Legislation

Legislature Passes Policing Reform Legislation


Legislature Passes Policing Reform Legislation 

Bill emphasizes police accountability and transparency by creating a new, independent commission; increases de-escalation protocols and puts in place procedures to address structural racism  

Today (12/01/20), Senate President Karen E. Spilka and House Speaker Robert A. DeLeo, along with their colleagues in the Senate and House, voted to pass An Act relative to justice, equity and accountability in law enforcement in the CommonwealthThe legislation represents the most comprehensive and intentional legislative response to incidents involving police practices in Massachusetts communities.  It creates an independent, civilian-led commission to standardize the certification, training and decertification of police officers, bans the use of chokeholds, limits the use of deadly force, creates a duty to intervene for police officers when witnessing another officer using force beyond what is necessary or reasonable under the circumstances, and takes steps to break the school-to-prison pipeline. It also creates a first-in-the-nation statewide moratorium on biometric surveillance systems, which include facial recognition technology.

"As I've said many times, achieving meaningful police reform and dismantling systemic racism is both a marathon and a sprint," stated Senate President Karen E. Spilka (D-Ashland). "This was the sprint, and I'm very proud of the foundation of justice, equity and accountability that this bill creates. I'm looking forward to getting this bill signed by the Governor so we can begin the marathon and fulfill our promises to those who called on us to meet this moment. I am incredibly grateful to Senators Brownsberger and Chang-Diaz for their incredible work on this bill, to Speaker DeLeo for his partnership, the conferees, all of the legislators, and the advocates and activists who worked with us to get this done."

"Over the summer, we vowed to make change, and, with today's vote, the Legislature acted on its promise to ensure fairness and equality," said House Speaker Robert A. DeLeo (D-Winthrop). "I'm proud of the House conferees, Chair Cronin and Chair of the MBLCC Representative González, for their persistent effort to improve our law enforcement system and for the work of the House as a whole. I'd also like to thank Senate President Spilka, Senators Brownsberger and Chang-Diaz and my colleagues in the Legislature for their action on this crucial bill."

"This is a great package," said Senator Will Brownsberger (D-Belmont), Senate Chair of the Joint Committee on the Judiciary. "It's going to make a real difference in the Commonwealth. I think its accountability and transparency provisions are strong enough to really improve policing."

"This compromise piece of legislation creates, for the first time, an independent agency for the statewide certification of law enforcement officers and establishes uniform training and standards," said Representative Claire Cronin (D-Easton), House Chair of the Joint Committee on the Judiciary. "This legislation is about justice and fairness. Fairness for those that interact with police, and fairness for police as well."

"This is a big day," said MBLLC Member Senator Sonia Chang-Díaz (D-Boston). "This final bill scores meaningful wins for accountability, civilian oversight from communities of color, and a vision of public safety that prioritizes de-escalation over force. This is the first time any state has combined this kind of real oversight authority with meaningful community membership at the table of power. I'm grateful to Senate President Spilka and Speaker DeLeo for their commitment to getting this legislation done this session. And I'm grateful for the Senate President's pledge to continue the focus on racial justice into next session--acknowledging this work extends well beyond law enforcement."

"This is a landmark decision that was demanded by the people and led by Black and Latino Legislators (MBLLC) of this state," said Massachusetts Black and Latino Caucus Chair Representative Carlos González (D-Springfield). "Our demands were agreed to by the Speaker of the House and Senate President. Today we begin to address police accountability and transparency. We are making great strides to address racism in police departments and provide them the adequate training and support to address the daily and difficult challenges they have."

A summary and outline of the bill's provisions is as follows.

The bill creates a Massachusetts Peace Officer Standards and Training Commission (MPOSTC)—an independent state entity, the majority of which is composed of civilians—to standardize the certification, training and decertification of police officers. The commission will have independent power to investigate misconduct and will serve as the civil enforcement agency to certify, restrict, revoke, or suspend certification for officers, agencies and academies, among other duties regarding regulations regarding use of force standards, and the maintenance of a publicly available database of decertified officers. Within the Commission, there will be two divisions: The Division of Police Training and Certification, under the management and control of the newly established Committee on Police Training and Certification, and the Division of Police Standards.

The bill establishes strong guardrails governing the use of force, prohibiting certain actions and requiring the use of de-escalation tactics. The Committee on Police Training and Certification will promulgate regulations for use of force standards in areas including the use of physical or deadly force, the discharge of a firearm into a fleeing motor vehicle and the use of tear gas, rubber pellets and dogs. The legislation also bans the use of chokeholds.

The legislation establishes a duty to intervene, requiring that an officer intervene if he or she sees another officer using physical force beyond that which is necessary or objectively reasonable based on the totality of the circumstances, unless intervening will result in imminent harm to the officer or another identifiable person.

In addition, the legislation requires a police department with advance knowledge of a planned mass demonstration or protest to attempt, in good faith, to communicate with the organizers of the event. The department will be required to make plans to avoid and de-escalate potential conflict and designate an officer in charge of these plans.

The legislation establishes a special legislative commission to study and examine the civil service law. This commission will study the hiring procedures, personnel administration rules, employment, promotion, performance evaluation, and disciplinary procedures for civil service employees, municipalities not subject to the provisions of the civil service law, and the Massachusetts State Police to improve diversity, transparency and representation in the recruitment, hiring and training of these groups.

The legislation also creates three special legislative commissions to study the presence of institutional racism in the criminal justice system and make policy or legislative recommendations to eliminate disparities.

  • Special Commission on Structural Racism in Correctional Facilities
  • Special Commission on Structural Racism in Parole Process
  • Special Commission on Structural Racism in Probation Services

The legislation also sets standards for qualified immunity under which qualified immunity would not extend to a law enforcement officer who, while acting under color of law, violates a person's right to bias-free professional policing if that conduct results in the officer's decertification by MPOSTC. It also establishes a commission to investigate and study the impact to the administration of justice of the qualified immunity doctrine in the Commonwealth.

The legislation bans a public agency or employee from acquiring, accessing, or using any software that captures biometric data, including facial recognition, except by the Registry of Motor vehicles. A law enforcement agency may only request that the RMV perform a search of its facial recognition database in cases of immediate danger or pursuant to a warrant based on probable cause. The legislation also establishes a special legislative commission to study the use of facial recognition technology by the Massachusetts Department of Transportation. 

Included in the legislation are a number of measures relating to reforms within the Massachusetts State Police, including a provision that requires MPOSTC to approve training by the state police and certify state police officer and allows the colonel of the state police to be appointed from outside the ranks of the state police.

The legislation sets limits on student record sharing by schools, directs the Committee on Police Training and Certification to develop an in-service training program for school resource officers, and gives the MPOSTC the power to issue a specialized certification for school resource officers.

In addition, the legislation includes the following provisions:

  • Banning racial profiling by prohibiting law enforcement agencies from engaging in racial profiling;
  • Requiring the Department of Public Health to collect and report data on law enforcement-related injuries and deaths;
  • Expanding eligibility for record expungement from one criminal or juvenile record to two. The legislation also allows multiple charges stemming from the same incident to be treated as once offense for the purposes of expungement;
  • Criminalizing the submission of a false timesheet by a law enforcement officer, punishable by a fine of three times the amount of the fraudulent wages paid or by imprisonment for not more than two years;
  • Strengthening the penalties for law enforcement officers who have sexual intercourse with, or who commit indecent assault and battery on, a person in custody or control of the law enforcement officer; and
  • Strengthening the criteria for which a no-knock warrant may be issued. 

The legislation establishes the following commissions, task forces and studies:

    • Body Camera Taskforce;
    • Community Policing and Behavioral Health Advisory Council study of community-based crisis response;
    • Permanent Commission on the status of African Americans;
    • Permanent Commission on the status of Latinos and Latinas;
    • Permanent Commission on the status of people with disabilities;
    • Permanent Commission on the status of Black men and boys;
    • Commission to study the feasibility of establishing a statewide law enforcement officer cadet program;
    • Commission on corrections officer training and certification;
    • Commission to investigate and study the benefits and costs of consolidating existing municipal police training committee training academies; and
    • Commission on emergency hospitalizations.

The bill now goes to the Governor.